What An Idea, Sirji!
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1. This concept, which you would come across today, if at all, as a fanciful phrase in poetry or fiction, was once an established scientific concept. Pythagoras thought that planets and stars moved according to mathematical equations, which corresponded to musical notes and thus produced a symphony. What four-letter phrase is generally used to refer to this 'musica universalis', as Kepler referred to it?
2. Manufactured and marketed by Modern Food Industries based on a formula developed at Central Food Technological Research Institute, Mysore, what was launched at the annual trade fair at Pragati Maidan, New Delhi in November 1977?
4. Switching barriers or switching costs are terms used in microeconomics, strategic management, and marketing to describe any impediment to a customer's changing of suppliers. In many markets, consumers are forced to incur costs when switching from one supplier to another. These costs are called switching costs and can come in many different shapes. A common term for this phenomenon comes from a device of everyday use – I'm using it right now – whose layout has been proven to be not the most efficient, but which continues to be used because it would be too expensive and inconvenient to convert to an alternative. What is this term?
6. Legends and literature have long characterised 'enneads' as having a special, in some cases magical, significance. The ancient Egyptians organised their gods thus; even today, their principal group of gods (headed by sun god Re-Atum) is called the Great Ennead of Heliopolis. The word traces to the Greek word 'ennea'. What does it mean?
Hint: It would apply to a group of PSUs here in India.
9. In 1969, French writer Georges Perec published 'La Disparition', a novel that was an example of 'constrained writing'. It was translated into English in 1995 by Gilbert Adair as 'A Void'. Perec subsequently joked that he incorporated what he had not used in 'La Disparition' in the novella 'Les Revenentes' (1972). 'Les Revenentes' was translated into English by Ian Monk as 'The Exeter Text: Jewels, Secrets, Sex'. What was the 'constrained' aspect of the writing in the two books?
10. In linguistics, this is the common, informal name for the ability of question words and relative pronouns to drag other words along with them when brought to the front of a sentence, as part of the phenomenon called Wh-movement. For example, in "For whom are the pictures?", the word 'for' is dragged by 'whom' away from its declarative position ("The pictures are for me"). From what children's story does this phenomenon take its informal name?
1. Harmony of the Spheres
2. Double Seven, the soft drink that 'replaced' Coca-Cola after the Janata Party government had effectively thrown the US multinational out of India.
The clue was in the date.
3. Joseph McCarthy, the man behind the Communist witch-hunts of the 1950s
4. The QWERTY Effect
I've given points for any answer that mentions 'QWERTY'.
According to Lankan legend, his ten heads represent the ten disciplines he mastered.
6. 'Nine'. An ennead is a group of nine (like a 'triad' is a group of three).
7. Johnny Appleseed
8. Jiddu Krishnamurthy
9. The entire novel 'La Disparition' did not include the letter 'e'; while 'Les Revenentes' only used the one vowel.
I've given separate points for each of these answers.
10. It's called 'pied-piping'
I felt this was quite guessable but no one even gave it a shot, except for Sajan.