1. From the days of the British Raj, Blighty – distorted from the Urdu 'vilayati', meaning 'foreign' – came to be used as a word for England, used by the British themselves. During World War I, what was a 'Blighty wound'?
3. "Awuleth' Umshini Wami" (English, "Bring me my _______ ___"), is a popular Zulu language 'struggle song' used formerly by members of Umkhonto we Sizwe, the military wing of the African National Congress during the struggle against apartheid in South Africa. Given its militant nature, its continued use at rallies by Jacob Zuma since he became President of the country has often come under fire. What is an 'umshini wami', the first word derived from the corresponding English term?
6. Which is currently the longest ongoing conflict, one that began in 1950?
8. Commissioned as a second lieutenant in the British army, he served with the Royal Welsh Fusiliers. In 1940, he was captured by the German army in France, and was held as a POW for five years. In the 1960s, he was chosen for the film role that he became identified with because of his work with director Terence Young in the 1950 war film 'They Were Not Divided', in which he played a tank gunner. His signature role was that of Major Geoffrey Boothroyd, whom he played in 17 films. Name either the actor being described or the short name we better know the character by.
9. The shortest war in history was fought between the United Kingdom and which other party on August 27, 1896, lasting approximately 40 minutes?
1. A wound serious enough to require recuperation away from the trenches (back in 'Dear Old Blighty') but not serious enough to kill or maim the victim. It was hoped for by many, and sometimes self-inflicted.
2. Captain W. E. Johns, later to become a famous writer and creator of the Biggles character
3. Machine gun
4. Westland Wapiti
5. General George Custer, famous for his 'last stand' in a battle against a coalition of Native American tribes at Little Bighorn in 1876.
6. The Korean War.
No peace treaty was ever signed between North and South Korea, meaning they are "technically at war". The armistice in 1953 ended the fighting that began in 1950, and both sides agreed to seek a peace treaty. This was not signed by South Korea, but was signed on their behalf by the United Nations Command.
7. Birsa Munda
8. Desmond Llewelyn, who played Q in the James Bond films starting with 'From Russia With Love' and ending with 'The World Is Not Enough'
The immediate cause of the Anglo-Zanzibar War was the death of the pro-British Sultan Hamad bin Thuwaini on August 25, 1896 and the subsequent succession of Sultan Khalid bin Barghash. The British authorities preferred Hamud bin Muhammed, who was more favourable to British interests, as sultan. In accordance with a treaty signed in 1886, a condition for accession to the sultanate was that the candidate obtain the permission of the British consul, and Khalid had not fulfilled this requirement. The British considered this a casus belli and sent an ultimatum to Khalid demanding that he order his forces to stand down and leave the palace. In response, Khalid called up his palace guard and barricaded himself inside the palace. The ultimatum expired at 09:00 East Africa Time on August 27, by which time the British had gathered three cruisers, two gunships, 150 marines and sailors, and 900 Zanzibaris in the harbour area. Around 2,800 Zanzibaris defended the palace. The defenders had several artillery pieces and machine guns which were set in front of the palace sighted at the British ships. The British bombardment which commenced at 09:02 set the palace on fire and disabled the defending artillery. A small naval action took place with the British sinking a Zanzibari royal yacht and two smaller vessels, and some shots were fired ineffectually at the pro-British Zanzibari troops as they approached the palace. The flag at the palace was shot down and fire ceased at 09:40. The sultan's forces sustained roughly 500 casualties, while only one British sailor was injured. Sultan Khalid received asylum in the German consulate before escaping to Tanganyika. The British quickly placed Sultan Hamud in power at the head of a puppet government. The war marked the end of Zanzibar as a sovereign state and the start of a period of heavy British influence.